The government is to introduce new data protection rules under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) which take effect from 25 May 2018.
Under the GDPR, businesses will have increased obligations to safeguard the personal information of individuals which is stored by the business. These rules apply to the information of customers, suppliers or employees. Generally, for those who are currently caught by the Data Protection Act it is likely that you will have to comply with GDPR.
GDPR will apply to data 'controllers' and 'processors’. Processing is about the more technical end of operations, such as storing, retrieving and erasing data, whilst controlling data involves its manipulation in terms of interpretation or decision-making based on the data. The data processor processes personal data on behalf of a data controller. Obligations for processors are a new requirement under GDPR.
The GDPR applies to personal data on a wider basis than under the Data Protection Act (DPA).
One key change to the current DPA rules is that those affected will have to show how they have complied with the rules. Proof of staff training and reviewing HR policies are examples of compliance.
Under GDPR, higher standards are set for consent. Consent means offering people genuine choice and control over how their data is used.
Overall, the aims of GDPR are to create a minimal data security risk environment and to protect personal data through the application of rigorous standards. For most organisations, this will entail time and energy getting up to speed with compliance procedures. Reviewing consent mechanisms already in place is likely to be a key priority. In practice, this means things like ensuring active opt-in, rather than offering pre-ticked opt-in boxes, which become invalid under the new rules.
Organisations will also have to think about existing DPA consents. The ICO's advice is that:
'You should review how you seek, record and manage consent and whether you need to make any changes. Refresh existing consents now if they don't meet the GDPR standard.'
Where the current consents do not meet the new GDPR, action will be needed.
The fines for non-compliance are severe at up to 20 million euros or 4% of total worldwide annual turnover (if higher).
The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) has published some very useful information and a 12-step planning guide to help organisations get ready ahead of the May 2018 deadline.